eLegis Olongapo City Philippines Sangunian

23 July 2002


(Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Population growth rate increased to 1.68 percent

The City of Olongapo registered a total population of 194,260 persons in the year 2000, up from 179,754 persons in 1995. This translated to an average annual growth rate of 1.68 percent, an increase of 3.03 percentage points during the 1990 to 1995 period.

The number of households rose to 43,107, higher by 4,231 households as compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.8 persons, a slight increase from 1995 (4.6) but lower than the national average of five persons.
Olongapo City contributed the least in Region III in terms of population size

Olongapo City had the least population among the six provinces (Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales), and two highly urbanized cities (Angeles City and Olongapo City) in Region III. This city contributed only 2.4 percent to the eight million population of the region.

At the national level, Olongapo City shared 0.25 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Barangay Santa Rita was the largest in terms of population size

Olongapo City had a total of 17 barangays in 2000.

Barangay Santa Rita registered the largest population with 33,477 persons. It accounted for 17.23 percent of the population of the entire city. Gordon Heights and East Bajac-bajac followed with 11.09 and 9.64 percent, respectively. New Ilalim registered the lowest population with 87 persons, or 0.03 percent of the population of the city.
Olongapo City had a median age of 23 years

Olongapo City had a median age of 23 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 23 years old. The median age in 1995 was 22 years.

Female population outnumbered their male counterparts with a sex ratio of 97 males for every 100 females.
Overall dependency ratio was 60

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 60. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 60 dependents (55 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 5 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 dependency ratio was slightly lower than the 60.46 ratio reported in 1995.

More females in almost all levels of education

Of the total population 5 years old and over, almost one out of three persons (28.7 percent) reached or completed elementary education.

Thirty eight percent had either attended or finished high school education.

The proportion of persons who were academic degree holders was 5 percent while 13 percent had attended college.

There were more females in almost all levels of education except in post secondary and pre-school levels.
Majority were Tagalog

Majority (81.8 percent) of the household population in Olongapo City classified themselves as Tagalog. About 4.56 percent considered themselves as Ilocano, and 2.54 percent as Sambal/Zambal. Other ethnic groups included Kapampangan (2.3 percent), and Bisaya/Binisaya (1.8 percent).
Widowed are mostly women

The proportion of married persons was slightly higher (42.57 percent) as compared to single persons (42.30 percent). The remaining fifteen percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, with other arrangement or with unknown marital status.

The proportion of single persons was slightly higher among males (51.18 percent) than among females (48.92 percent).

The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (81.35 percent) compared to males (18.65 percent).

Housing occupancy rate was 100 percent

There were 42,280 housing units in Olongapo City, of which 42,278 were occupied, or 100 percent occupancy rate.

This registered an increase of 2.69 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.02 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 4.58 persons per occupied housing unit.
Multi-units residential/building down to 27 percent

Proportion of multi-unit residential dropped by 15.3 percentage points from 42.3 percent in 1990 to 27 percent in 2000.

Majority (60.34 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses.

Three out of four occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only.

One-eight of the total occupied housing units were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).
Majority of the housing units had walls made of concrete/brick stone

As to the construction materials used for housing units, majority (82 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, from 75.6 percent in 1990

Fifty five percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone, an increase of 15 percentage points from 1990.


Olongapo City was converted into a city on June 1, 1966.

The Olongapo area was once the site of the biggest U.S. naval base (Subic Naval Base) in Asia for over three quarters of a century. The base was turned over to the Philippine government when the Americans left in 1992 and was converted into an industrial and tourism zone under the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA). Since then, its huge area, including a docking facilities and an international airport are attracting foreign investors. Tourist attractions include the vast tree canopied forest that extends up to Bataan, Bat Kingdom, and stores selling imported goods.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces by Conrado M. Lancion Jr.
(Tahanan books: Manila)


Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays in Olongapo City: 2000

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing


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